Journals are extended written reflections on learning or entries in reaction to prompts. In addition to reflections, prompts elicit specific thinking skills at key points in the project.
Use throughout the project, at key points and at the end of the project.
| Video and Photo Journals |
These journals capture visual documentation of progress, reactions and reflections or to demonstrate skill development.
Use throughout the project, but may be integrated into final products or performances.
- Outline of Photo Sequence and Topic (shot list)
- Schedule for Video Scenes
| Structured Interviews and Observations |
Formal oral interviews are scheduled with individuals or teams to probe for understanding. Interview questions (protocol) ask students to explain and give reasons for their current understanding. Structured observations are similar but are used for skill, process, and performance assessment and can be done by students as well.
Use structured interviews and observations throughout the project.
| Informal Questioning |
Questioning allows students to openly express their ideas and thoughts, enables them to reflect on other students’ explanations, as well as make connections. Use to provide challenges, to assess student understanding, and revise lessons as necessary.
Use throughout the project, often during group work or class discussions.
Written and Oral Tests and Quizzes
Tests and quizzes offer direct evidence of knowledge acquisition and comprehension.
Use at key points within the project and at the end of the project.