Demonstrating Understanding and Skill

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    Demonstrating Understanding and Skill




    Demonstrating Understanding and Skill
    The tables below include an overview of the methods, purposes, and instruments used for demonstrating understanding and skill. Links provide more detailed information and specific examples. Additional rubrics and scoring guide samples for products and performances are located within the Assessing Projects application.

    Assessment Method


    When Used




    Products are things that students create and build that show learning. (Examples in table below.)

    Often completed at end of project, but depends on product and length of project.


    Performances are demonstrations, productions, and events that students design and conduct to show learning. (Examples in table below.)

    Often presented at end of project, but depends on product and length of project.


    Portfolios allow for the assessment of students' progress, processes, and performance over time.

    Accumulate work and reflections over the course of a project, semester, class, or year.


    Student-Led Conferences


    Student-led conferences require students to organize and communicate their learning by sharing their goals, work, self assessments, and reflections, usually with parents.

    Schedule at the beginning of the year to help set goals and inform parents of expectations and at the end of a project or the year to reflect on growth.


    Products and Performance Tasks


    Historical research, scientific research, journal article for publication, policy recommendations


    Product design, home design, building or school design blueprints, transportation alternatives


    Models, machines, exhibits, dioramas


    Letters-to-the editor, guest column for local newspaper or community publication, book and movie reviews, story writing

    Artistic Expressions

    Pottery, sculpture, poetry, fine art, posters, cartoon, mural, collage, painting, song writing, movie script

    Print Media: books, pamphlets, brochures

    Nature trail guide, self-guided walk through community history, public service announcement, history scrapbook, photo timeline, investigative documentary, commercial, training manual, animation/cartoon

    Multimedia: informational kiosk, video, photo journal, slideshow, digital book


    Persuasive proposal, inspiring speech, debate, informative lecture, research analysis and conclusions, newscast

    Skill Demonstrations

    Science laboratory processes, constructions, specific sports skills, teaching or mentoring younger students, on-demand tasks

    Artistic/Creative Performances

    Interpretive dance, play, skit, character study, docu-drama, readers’ theater, radio plays


    Mock trial, reenactment of historical event, role play