What a wonderful question. This question can really be asked of any discipline. To determine which is "the" one, we have to agree on what each one is, and also admit our background when we view these words.
Biology the study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields that cover their morphology, physiology, anatomy, behavior, origin, and distribution.
Chemistry: the branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed; the investigation of their properties and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change; and the use of these processes to form new substances.
Physics: the branch of science concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy. The subject matter of physics, distinguished from that of chemistry and biology, includes mechanics, heat, light and other radiation, sound, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of atoms.
Some thoughts: In many schools Biology is taught first with Physics being last. Is this because Biology is the easiest to comprehend? Is this because Biology is the minimum amount of Science we want students to know if they do not continue in the field? Is this because Biology is needed to comprehend the others, so it is the basic building block of all Sciences, making it the "one"?
Or is it Physics? To understand the depth of this Science, you need the basics of the others.
So to consider your question in a slightly different twist: Is "the" Science the basic building block (Biology) or the culmination of knowledge (Physics)?
Sorry it took me so long to reply; I was finishing writing an e-book and
could not afford to be distracted, but let me tell you about it for it answers the
question posed in this venue regarding the nature of science. Firstly, the e-book
is at Amazon since cinco de mayo in Spanish also and is entitled
"Reconstitution - from brokenness to wholeness, by triads", with subtitle which
only appears on the cover page as "Self, Education, and City in a culture of dialogue
I could not condense a 350 page story unto a paragraph if my life depended
on it. What you could do instead is find the e-book on the site then click
where it says "See inside", and therein you'll have access to the
first seventeen pages or so, including the Table of Contents, and this should
suffice to give you an idea as to what these Triads are all about. It covers
physics, biology, chemistry, math, social studies, and much broader topics as
Nonetheless, I’ll say just a few words about what triads mean. Essentially the
idea is that everything is made up of three parts, as in three-in-one. This
notion comes down from the Pythagoreans, early scientists in Ancient Greece who
combined philosophy with mathematics, as in Ion of Chios who stated it plain
vanilla terms as that “The beginning of my work is: everything is three and nothing
more nor less than three. The virtue of everything is a triad: intelligence, strength,
and fortune.” (DK36B1)
A few examples might help to clarify things a bit. Take the case of our
familiar three laws of motion of Newton, this actually is the Triad law of
Motion; likewise in the case of the cell theory of biology, it consists in a
triad of postulates. In social studies we have the cry of the French
Revolution, “Liberté, égalité, et fraternité”, and from psychology more recently we
have Freud’s ego, id, and superego. The list goes on and on, but the point isn’t the
laundry list, but rather, how this could help fix our broken educational system, taking
the triads as cornerstone from science on upwards.
I have been teaching science topics to my at-risk students using this
resource, and if you ask me this is precisely what we need to actually be able
to do whole-science inquiry. At the same time the triads has the virtue that it
provides our kids with a tool which allows them to discover the world on their
One recommendation, do approach it without labeling and let us know how it
Yours truly, Ricardo